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Carol Murray tells the story of the Baker Massacre

Carol Murray told the story of the Baker Massacre to a group of student's from the Kainai High school that performed a play based on the Baker Massacre. On January 23 1870 the United States Military attacked a peaceful camp of Blackfoot people and murdered almost all of them. Heavy Runner was the Chief of the camp and he had signed a treaty with the U.S. Government for peace. At dawn on January 23 1870 they were attacked.

Subject: Baker-Massacre, Chief Mountain, Massacres, Atrocities, Video recordings, Murray, Carol

Transcript: Baker's Massacre Carol Murray told the story of the Baker Massacre to a group of student's from the Kainai High school that performed a play based on the Baker Massacre. On January 23 1870 the United States Military attacked a peaceful camp of Blackfoot people and murdered almost all of them. Heavy Runner was the Chief of the camp and he had signed a treaty with the U.S. Government for peace. At dawn on January 23 1870 they were attacked. In 1868 a relative of Malcolm Clark's wife went to his home to visit her relation. Malcolm Clark raped her and she became pregnant. She returned home and told the people what had happened to her. Mountain Chief and a group of Blackfoot warriors planned what to do about this situation. About 11 months later a small group of men went to Malcolm Clark's home and murdered him and his family. They left Malcolm Clark's son for dead, he went to the military and told them that what had happened. Colonel Baker took a few months to plan an attack on Mountain Chief's camp. A scout had been sent out to find out which groups were camped where. The scout returned and told the military that Mountain Chief was camped along the Marias river. Mountain Chief had moved on and Heavy Runner had moved into the spot. On the evening of January 22 1870 the military moved onto the ridge above the spot where Heavy Runner was camped. At dawn on January 23 1870 the U.S. military attacked. They began by shooting the tipis from the top to the bottom so that the tipis would collapse on the people inside. Immediately Heavy Runner started running up the hill with his treaty in hand. The Colonel waited until Heavy Runner had almost reached them and shot him in the chest at almost point blank range. The military continued to shoot and when it looked like all were dead they proceeded to mutilate the bodies and burn them. In all it is estimated that about 170 people were murdered. A few survivors, all children, started making their way in -40 degree weather towards safety. Some children made it as far as the Blood's across the boarder and were almost dead themselves when they arrived. Some children walked toward Fort Benton in hopes of finding help. Of the survivors many died on the walks to try and find safety from the military.

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Publisher: Kainai Studies Archives, Red Crow College, P.O. Box 1258 Cardston, AB T0K 0K0, Canada

Contributor:

Asset Date: 2010-03-12

Format: Video

Tribe:

CONTENTdm file name: 140.flv

CONTENTdm number: 234

Date modified: 2014-02-28

Origin Location Name:

Pointer: 234

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